Fire Alarms

When is a Fire Alarm System Required?

There are various statutory documents covering the need for fire protection in various types of premises.

The principle documents are:

  • Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
  • Fire Certificates (Special Premises) regulations 1976
  • Factories Act 1971
  • Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963
  • Private Places of Entertainment Act 1967
  • Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997

Types of Fire Alarm Systems:

All Fire Alarm Systems essentially operate on the same principle. If a detector detects smoke or heat, or someone operates a break glass unit, then alarm sounders operate to warn others in the building that there may be a fire and to evacuate. For the system protecting property, it is additionally likely that the Fire Alarm will incorporate remote signalling equipment which would alert the fire brigade via a central station. Wired Fire Alarm Systems can be broken down into three categories, Conventional, Addressable and Analogue Addressable.

Clearwater can advise the most suitable alarm system for your premises to meet statutory requirements & compliance.

Landlord’s responsibilities for rental properties

New regulations come into force for landlords from 2016. The Scottish Government has produced revised statutory guidance on the requirements for smoke alarms

The main points relative to smoke detectors are as follows.

The revised Domestic Technical Handbook guidance states there should be at least:

The number and position of the alarms will depend on the size and layout of the house.

There should be at least one alarm on each floor.

The landlord should either install smoke or fire detectors that meet the standard set by building regulations or be able to justify why a lesser level of protection is appropriate in a particular house.

If there is a requirement for a particular house to meet more stringent standards, then these more stringent standards apply

An alarm should be installed in accordance with the recommendations contained in BS5839 Part 6 and the landlord should ensure the alarm is regularly maintained in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations. The fitting of a hard wired smoke alarm may require a building warrant and the relevant local authorities should be consulted.

Landlords will also require a full electrical installation condition report (EICR). For more information please look at our Inspection & Testing page

Clearwater carry out these installations & inspections on behalf of numerous property management companies throughout the region. Feel free to contact us for more information.